How to Build a DIY Bookshelf (with plans)
BLACK+DECKER B+D Contributor 186 Projects
Building your own bookshelf is a good exercise in basic woodworking. Plus, this project requires only simple tools and materials. You can complete a bookcase in one afternoon, not counting drying time for the wood finish.
You can make your bookshelf any size you’d like, but a standard size with even proportions is about 12 inches deep, 30 inches wide and 48 inches tall. That's big enough to hold books and magazines, but not so big that it won't fit where you want it to. Note: If your shelves are any longer than 32 inches, you'll need thicker lumber or midspan supports so the shelves won't sag when they're filled with books.
TIP: Bookcases with adjustable shelves are easier to build than fixed-shelf units. Plus, they offer much more storage flexibility.
Use 1x12 pine lumber for a rustic appearance. Nothing looks like pine with its large knots and swirls. And because you're using solid lumber, you can sand the edges smooth for a finished appearance. Add a 1/4-inch fir plywood back for strength and stability. Note that "1x12" is a nominal size. The actual size will be ¾-inch thick and 11 ¼-inches wide.